Decrease in seropositivity rate, but prevalence remains high

The positivity rate for human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV / AIDS) has been declining in recent years, but it remains to be controlled as the prevalence remains high.

According to statistics provided by the District AIDS Prevention and Control Unit, between April 2021 and October 2021, 65,628 people (general population) were tested for AIDS, of which 585 tested positive. The positivity rate of the general clientele in April and October 2021 is 0.89%. It was 1.17% in 2020-21, compared to 1.33% in 2019-20 and 1.31% in 2018-19.

Likewise, 44,244 pregnant women were also tested of which 43, or 0.10%, tested positive. Meanwhile, out of 36,897 units of blood that were collected and tested for HIV, 43 tested positive.

“Over the past decade, HIV status has gradually declined. But our goal is not achieved. Our goal is to bring the rate to zero, ”said P. Surya Narayana, district health and medical officer.

Previously, only sex workers and drug addicts tested predominantly positive. But now such cases have fallen.

“The Department of Health looked at the total number of cases to find out which area typically reports the cases most often. We found that cases are more common in urban areas than in rural areas or at the Agency. Parts of Gajuwaka, industrial areas, densely populated areas and areas with a larger migrant population are those reporting the most cases. When it comes to rural areas, Nakkapalle is an area where we see most of the cases, ”he said.

The health ministry will focus on these areas, determine the reasons for the results and also take action to address them, the DMHO added.

The DMHO also said that to date, up to 16,169 people are on antiretroviral therapy (ART). This includes 7,023 men, 8,494 women and 600 children.

World aids day

According to Mr. Surya Narayana, the theme for this year’s AIDS Day is “End: Inequalities, AIDS and Pandemics”. He indicated that on December 1, a gathering would be organized from the Collectorate to Zilla Parishad, followed by a public meeting starting at 10 a.m. at the ZP Meeting Hall.

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